Colors

On this page is a list of some of the colors that you might read about during the Jade Red and Cannonball Head games. These color examples are mostly related to colors of light and internet web design.  Click this link, www.w3schools.com provides more information about colors and color codes.  

An RGB color value is specified with: RGB(red, green, blue). The RGB values demonstrate primary colors of light being red, green, and blue.  The primary colors of light are different from the primary colors of liquid paint(red, yellow, blue)

Each parameter of the RGB(red, green, and blue) values defines the intensity of the color as an integer between 0 and 255.  For example, RGB(0,0,255) is rendered as blue, because the blue parameter is set to its highest value (255) and the others are set to 0. (0,0,0) is black, and (255,255,255) is white.

Click this box to use an RGB calculator: This RGB calculator uses RGB values and Hue, Saturation, Luminosity. The Hue, Saturation, and Luminosity values range from 0 to 240. Hue for example travels only horizontally and changes from Red being 0, increases value across the calculators color spectrum, and returns to red at 239. The saturation range is 240 to 0. 240 is the true color, 0 is completely gray. Saturation travels vertically, gray is at the bottom of the spectrum. Luminosity changes the brightness of the color, 240 is completely white, 0 is black.

A hexadecimal color value is specified with: #RRGGBB.  RR (red), GG (green) and BB (blue) are hexadecimal integers between 00 and FF specifying the intensity of the color.  For example, #0000FF is displayed as blue, because the blue component is set to its highest value (FF) and the others are set to 00.
Hexadecimal color values increase by this fashion, until reaching 9f, then a0:
00,01,02,03,04,05,06,07,09,0a,0b,0c,0d,0e,0f,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,1a,1b,1c,1d,1e,1f,20...
a0,a1,a2,a3,a4,a5,a6,a7,a8,a9,aa,ab,ac,ad,ae,af,b0...and so on, continuing to ff.

An HSL color value(different from RGB Calulator HSL values) defines the hue, saturation, and lightness.  HSL color values are specified with: (Hue, Saturation, Lightness). 
Hue is a degree of color from 0 to 360. 0 is red, 120 is green, 240 is blue, 300 is fuchsia(magenta), and increases to 360 as the color returns to red.
Saturation is the amount of grey that is added.  Saturation is a percentage value; 0% means the color will be grey, 100% means no grey is added, the hue is it's full color.  
Lightness is a percentage value of the amount of black and white that will be added to the color.  0% means all black, and 100% means all white.  Setting the lightness to 50% is your original hue color.


RGB(255, 0, 0) #ff0000 hsl(0, 100%, 50%) hsl(360, 100%, 50%)  Red                       

RGB(255, 165, 0) #ffa500 hsl(39, 100%, 50%) Orange                        

RGB(255, 255, 0) #ffff00 hsl(60, 100%, 50%) Yellow                       

RGB(0, 128, 0) #008000 hsl(120, 100%, 25%) Green                      

RGB(0, 0, 255) #0000ff hsl(240, 100%, 50%) Blue                      

RGB(75, 0, 30) #4b0082 hsl(275, 100%, 25%) Indigo                       

RGB(238, 130, 138) #ee82ee hsl(300, 76%, 72%) Violet                       

RGB(255, 192, 203) #ffc0cb hsl(350, 100%, 88%) Pink                       

RGB(255, 218, 185) #ffdab9 hsl(28, 100%, 86%) PeachPuff                       

RGB(128, 128, 128) #808080 hsl(0, 0%, 50%) Gray                       

RGB(192, 192, 192) #c0c0c0 hsl(0, 0%, 75%) Silver                       

RGB(245, 245, 245) #f5f5f5 hsl(0, 0%, 96%) WhiteSmoke                       

RGB(255, 255, 255) #ffffff hsl(0, 0%, 100%) White                       

RGB(255,0, 255) #ff00ff hsl(300, 100%, 50%) Fuchsia/Magenta                        

RGB(128, 0, 128) #800080 hsl(300, 100%, 25%) Purple                       

RGB(128, 0, 0) #800000 hsl(0, 100%, 25%) Maroon                       

RGB(0, 255, 255) #00ffff hsl(180, 100%, 50%) Aqua/Cyan                       

RGB(135, 206, 235) #87ceeb hsl(197, 71%, 73%) SkyBlue                       

RGB(64, 224, 208) #40e0d0 hsl(174, 72%, 56%) Turqoise                       

RGB(0, 255, 0) #00ff00 hsl(120, 100%, 50%) Lime                       

RGB(144, 238, 144) #90ee90 hsl(120, 73%, 75%) LightGreen                       

RGB(165, 42, 42) #a52a2a hsl(0, 59%, 41%) Brown                       

RGB(255, 215, 0) #ffd700 hsl(51, 100%, 50%) Gold                       

RGB(210, 105, 30) #d2691e hsl(25, 75%, 47%) Chocolate                       

RGB(160, 82, 45) #a0522d hsl(19, 56%, 40%) Sienna                       

RGB(139, 69, 19) #8b4513 hsl(25, 76%, 31%) SaddleBrown                       

RGB(65, 105, 225) #4169e1 hsl(225, 73%, 57%) RoyalBlue                       

RGB(255, 99, 71) #ff6347 hsl(9, 100%, 64%) Tomato                       

RGB(245, 222, 179) #f5de53 hsl(39, 77%, 83%) Wheat                       

RGB(128, 128, 0) #808000 hsl(60, 100%, 25%) Olive                       

RGB(30, 144, 255) #1e90ff hsl(200, 100%, 56%) DodgerBlue                       




WAVELENGTHS OF VISIBLE LIGHT

All electromagnetic radiation is light, but we can only see with our eyes a small portion of this radiation—the portion we call visible light. Other portions of the spectrum have wavelengths too large or too small and energetic for the biological limitations of our perception. As the full spectrum of visible light travels through a prism, the wavelengths separate into the colors of the rainbow because each color is a different wavelength. Red has the longest wavelength, at around 700 nanometers. Violet has the shortest wavelength, at around 380 nanometers.

Wavelengths that are longer than red light are such as(from shortest to longest wavelength): infrared light, microwaves, and radio waves. Wavelengths that are shorter than violet light are such as(from longest to shortest wavelength): ultraviolet(UV light), X-rays, and gamma rays. The entire range of electromagnetic radiation is called the electromagnetic spectrum.

The image(below) is an example similar to the visible light portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. If this was a rainbow going up into the sky bowing to the right, the red has the longest wavelength and uses the longest path of the rainbow arch.

The image(above) is also an example similar to an emission spectra. A white-light spectrum is continuous, with radiation(colored light) emitted at every wavelength.(The different wavelengths appear as vertical lines because the light from the source passes through a slit before entering the prism.)

Other individual elements of the periodic table of elements produce a different light color, causing a different emission spectra, having only certain specific wavelengths of colored light to display. For example, a glass tube neon light sign filled with gaseous hydrogen atoms will only display a small number of lines of colors on the emission spectra, there will be large empty spaces where there is no color.


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